Sky News is launching a campaign for an independent commission to organise TV debates between leaders of the main political parties in general elections.
Backed by senior politicians past and present, the campaign is aimed at taking the decision-making process out of the hands of political parties and ensuring debates become a permanent fixture in election campaigns.
Under the Sky News proposals, a Leaders’ Debate Commission (LDC) would:
:: Set the format and rules of the debates
:: Handle moderation
:: Outline the criteria for political party participation
:: Ensure the objectivity of audiences
:: Steer negotiations between broadcasters and parties
After Sky News successfully lobbied for TV debates in the 2010 election campaign, three head-to-head clashes were held between Gordon Brown, David Cameron and Sir Nick Clegg.
But since then broadcasters and politicians have failed to agree on terms. There were no head-to-head debates between the leaders of the main parties in the 2015 or 2017 general election campaigns.
In 2015 there was one seven-way debate with Mr Cameron, Labour’s Ed Miliband and the leaders of smaller parties. Sky News also staged a “Battle for Number 10” programme with Channel 4, with Mr Cameron and Mr Miliband appearing separately.
Last year Theresa May refused to debate with Jeremy Corbyn or other party leaders and her place was taken in one TV debate by then-home secretary Amber Rudd, who is now backing the Sky News campaign.
“I think the public do expect it and I think they’re entitled to it,” she said.
“I think an independent commission is the only way to go.”
Former Liberal Democrat leader and deputy prime minister Sir Nick Clegg is also backing the campaign, and says that in 2015 and 2017 voters were denied a vital opportunity to scrutinise the party leaders fighting for their votes.
“These debates should be an immovable part of a general election in this country and a key component of our democratic process,” he writes in an article for Sky News.
“They should not be in the gift of whichever political party is in power, or whichever politician is ahead in the polls.”
Announcing the launch of the campaign, head of Sky News John Ryley said: “This is all about doing what’s best for the voting public.
“Sky News, along with the other broadcasters, changed the political landscape in this country by creating the first leaders’ debates eight years ago.
“Sadly, it stands as an exception rather than the watershed it should have been.
“Political manoeuvring and failings by the broadcasters has allowed that momentum to be lost.
“Sky News believes an independent commission should set the terms for debates in future, to inform and engage the voting public with a head-to-head debate between the two political leaders battling it out for Number 10.”
Sky News editor at large Adam Boulton, who chaired the 2010 Sky News leaders’ debate, said: “There have been two general elections since 2010 and no proper leaders’ debates took place in either of them.
“The electorate was repeatedly deprived of the most powerful live, appointment-to view political programming that television can provide.
“Politicians are to blame for this failure. So too are the broadcasters.
“To ensure leaders’ debates happen regularly in future responsibility for organising them needs to be taken out of both their hands.”
Ms Rudd, who stood in for the prime minister in a TV debate during last year’s election campaign just two days after the death of her father, now believes an independent commission is the only way to break the deadlock.
“I think it’s probably the only way to get an agreement when there’s a general election,” she told Sky News.
“Politicians don’t always agree with journalists and unusually journalists don’t always agree with politicians, so otherwise there’s going to be a fight about it.”
On the impact of TV debates between the leaders of the main parties, Ms Rudd said: “I think they clearly can have a huge impact, so I think they are definitely worth having and the public should be entitled to them.
“I think now we should move forward to a place where we can have well-managed debates, independently, but generally the public should be entitled to see it.
“This is what the public expect. They expect things to be fair. To be fair I think we have to have an independent commission.”
In a TV debate during the 2016 EU referendum campaign, pro-Remain Ms Rudd was involved in a memorable clash with Boris Johnson in which she said: “Boris: he’s the life and soul of the party. But he’s not the man you want to drive you home at the end of the evening.”
Asked by Mr Boulton if the joke was “off the cuff” or she was “heavily prepared”, she replied: “It takes me a long time to prepare a good off the cuff comment.”